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Study costs in Germany

Study costs in Germany

In this article, you will find all the costs from A to Z in detail if you decide to study in Germany.
Studying in Germany, or rather studying abroad, is a dream that many students have around the world. But often, the cost or the amount it takes makes it an unrealizable dream. The more popular the study destination, the higher the cost of studying there. Fortunately, this rule does not apply to Germany.

In 2014, tuition fees in Germany were canceled due to a government decision, so studying in Germany became free at public universities, but! There are a lot of things you need to know about the cost of studying in Germany.

How much does it cost to study in Germany?

Although there are no tuition fees to pay, universities in Germany charge a small amount of money for administrative costs, student union and public transportation. This payment is known as the “semester fee” and is paid at the beginning of each semester. The amount barely exceeds 350 euros per semester.

Under German government conditions for anyone wishing to study in Germany, every international student who wants to study in Germany must have at least €10,332 in their bank account in order to be able to finance their studies for at least the first year. This law is based on the idea that a foreign student spends at least 861 euros each month.
This money must be in a closed bank account in Germany, and this is a prerequisite. This is your personal money, not tuition fees. It is only conditional to guarantee that you will support yourself during your stay and study in Germany. And every month you charge €861 of your money from the German bank in which you have deposited at least €10,332.
This closed account is a prerequisite for studying in Germany.

Here you can get more information on how to submit an application to study in Germany and all the required documents

Living costs in Germany:

Studying in Germany is free, but living expenses and the cost of living in Germany cannot be avoided, and for this we must have a closed account in Germany of no less than 10,332 euros is essential.

Below we have listed the costs that the student must pay during the issuance of the visa and after traveling to Germany. Please note that there may be differences depending on the amount of tuition fees at the respective university, individual living costs and the region in which the student wants to live in Germany.

During your studies, you will also receive a work permit for 120 days a year.

before entering Germany

Before studying or during the visa issuance period, the total of all costs will be: 11,271 euros (eleven thousand two hundred and seventy-one euros), distributed as follows:

  • 10,332 EUR The amount to be put into a closed bank account.
  • 700 EUR language school fee for learning the following levels A1 + A2.
  • 179 Euro bank fee for opening a closed bank account. (sometimes it can be less or more)
  • 60 Euro visa application fee.

First year in Germany

After obtaining a visa and coming to Germany: Total costs of preparing for studies after coming to Germany in one year: 9,800 euros This amount can be covered by the closed bank account.

These fees are divided as follows

  • 3600 euros housing wages.
  • €2,400 personal expenses (food and drinks).
  • €1800 language school fee for the following German language levels: B1, B2, DSH Prüfung, or C1 exam.
  • 1000 euros leisure and side things.
  • 600 Euro public transport ticket fee in the city in which you want to live after coming to Germany.
  • 400 subscription fees in a health insurance institution. Health insurance in Germany is mandatory.

Next years of study in Germany

During the undergraduate study period, the total annual costs are 8,970 euros (eight thousand nine hundred and seventy euros). This division is as follows:

  • 3600 euros housing wages.
  • 2400 euros personal expense.
  • € 1,270 subscription fee in a health insurance institution. Health insurance in Germany is mandatory.
  • 1000 euros leisure and side things.
  • 700€ University fees for each academic year (€350 per semester).

The best German universities

The best German universities

1- Best German Universities

The Times Higher Education (THE) annually publishes a ranking of the top 1000 universities in the world. 7 German universities among the top 100:

  • Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (ranked 32 in the world)
  • Technische Universität München (ranked 44th in the world)
  • Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (ranked 47th in the world)
  • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (ranked 67th in the world)
  • RWTH Aachen (ranked 87th in the world)
  • Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen (ranked 89th in the world)
  • Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin (ranked 90th in the world)

2- Germany’s most innovative university

Twenty-three German universities were included in Reuters’ Top 100 Most Innovative Universities in Europe list in 2019. Reuters compiled the ranking based on ten criteria, including the number of patent applications and the number of scientific publications cited. These are the first three places:

  • Universität Nürnberg-Erlangen (ranked 2 in Europe)
  • Technische Universität München (ranked 7 in Europe)
  • Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (ranked 11th in Europe)

3- Nobel Prize-winning German Universities

The Technical University of Munich has so far won 16 Nobel Prize winners in Physics, Chemistry and Medicine, and the two Universities of Heidelberg and Göttingen each have 14 winners.

4- The largest university in Germany

The only German government distance learning university in Hagen occupies the first place in the number of students currently enrolled, and their number is estimated at about 77 thousand students. The largest public university is the University of Cologne, which registered 48,841 students in the winter semester 2017/2018.

5- Oldest university in Germany

Ruprecht-Karls-Heidelberg University Ruperto Carola founded in 1386, is the oldest university in Germany and one of the oldest in Europe. It is one of the leading medical universities. The German Cancer Research Center is also located in Heidelberg. Other areas of focus are neuroscience, physics, chemistry, mathematics and law. Heidelberg University was the first German university to set up branches abroad. In Santiago de Chile, in New York, Kyoto and Delhi.

Source: deutschland.de

Study in Germany in English

Study in Germany in English

general information

If you want to study in Germany, but you prefer to study in English to learn two languages better or if you still do not speak German enough and do not dare to study in German, it is possible to study in Germany in English if you have one of the following certificates in German English: IELTS or TOEFL.

For many international students, study programs in English are a good opportunity to study in another country and learn the local language in their spare time as well as improve their English language skills during their studies. This also gives students the opportunity to go to Germany who have not previously had the opportunity to take a German course.

What should I do to study in English?

You choose an English language course in your field. You can also find a list of all English courses in Germany on the . website DAAD

Also on the DAAD home page. There you will also find the most important information about the course and its content. Through the web links, you can go directly to the course page at the respective university.
All information from the DAAD is prepared in English so you can find your way without having to speak German and choose the right course. English language programs are often somewhat restricted to master’s programs, especially in the field of social, engineering and applied sciences and business-related subjects.

Some German universities that teach in English:

  1. Ruprecht Karls Universität
  2. Ludwig Maximilians Universität
  3. Technische Universität München
  4. Ludwigs Universität Freiburg
  5. Frankfurt School of Finance & Management
  6. Karlsruher Institut für Technologie
  7. Universität Göttingen
  8. RWTH Aachen
  9. Freie Universität Berlin

Preparatory Year

Preparatory Year

A certain category of international students in Germany is required to study a preparatory year before starting their university studies in Germany. In this year, the student learns the basic subjects that qualify him to study the required university major. Below we present to you in a simplified form all the information related to this topic.

What is the meaning of preparatory year? 

The preparatory year prepares applicants to study at a German university. If you have a high school diploma in your home country that qualifies you to study there, but it is not recognized as a university entry qualification in Germany, you must enter the preparatory year before starting your studies. This is necessary because the school system, the content of the curriculum being taught or the duration of the school stage in your country is so different from that in Germany that undergoing a preparatory year is absolutely necessary to study at a German university successfully.

(Two semesters) At the end of this year, the student will undergo an examination to determine the suitability of foreign applicants to study at German universities, abbreviated as “Feststellungsprüfung”. Whoever successfully passes this exam will be able to start his studies at German universities.

Conditions that must be obtained to join the preparatory year

Obtaining a high school diploma is one of the most important conditions required to be able to start the preparatory year. In some cases, the student must have completed two semesters in his country in order to meet the required conditions.

By visiting the “Anabin” the Anabin website, you can accurately check the required conditions based on the high school diploma that you obtained in your home country.

The condition for obtaining the German language level B1 is also necessary to start the preparatory year, as German is the language of instruction during the preparatory year.

Types of preparatory year 

There are two types of preparatory year

The preparatory year in universities or the preparatory year in the faculties of applied sciences:

Those who joined the preparatory year at a university to study after completing the preparatory year at a university or colleges of applied sciences. In general, those who have studied the preparatory year at a college of applied sciences cannot obtain a study seat in universities, but can only obtain a study seat at a college of applied sciences.

Preparatory year at government agencies or private schools

 If you decide to do the preparatory year at a public university, you will be subject at the end of the year to a German university entrance exam. But if you decide to do the preparatory year in a private school, it will be necessary to register at the end of the year in one of the final exams for the preparatory year that are held in public universities.

In order to make sure that you have chosen the correct type of preparatory year, please contact the relevant university in which you want to study later and inquire whether your choice of this type of preparatory year qualifies you to start the specialization you want to study later at this university.

Here you can get here a list of all the universities that teach the preparatory year in Germany

Specializations that can be studied in the preparatory year

The universities that teach the Preparatory Year offer the following specialization courses:  

  • M cycle: for medical, biological and pharmaceutical courses
  • T-cycle: for sports, science or art courses
  • Course W: for Economics and Social Sciences courses
  • Course G: for humanities courses or German studies
  • Course S: Language Studies

Faculties of applied sciences that teach the preparatory year offer the following specializations:

  • TI course: for technical and engineering courses
  • WW Course: Economics Courses
  • GD Course: Design and Technical Courses
  • SW course: for social science courses

Preparatory year cost

Its amount varies depending on the college, between 100 and 400 euros. You must also have health insurance and purchase books and other educational materials yourself.  

Study visa and residence in Germany

Study visa and residence in Germany

If you want to study in Germany, you will have to apply for a study visa if you are a non-EU citizen. The issue of obtaining a study visa is one of the bureaucratic obstacles that you must overcome to start your studies in Germany. To simplify these matters for you, we will try to explain all the steps that you must do to properly apply for a student visa.

When is a visa required for Germany?

Anyone planning to stay in Germany for more than 90 days, for the purpose of studying, needs a visa.

Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Slovakia, Switzerland, Slovenia, Spain, Czech Republic, Hungary and Cyprus. They are exempt from the obligation to obtain a residence permit after arriving in Germany. All you have to do is register at the responsible population registry office.

Citizens of Australia, Great Britain, Israel, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, South Korea and the USA can apply for the required residence permit after entering the country. This also applies to citizens of Andorra, Brazil, El Salvador, Honduras, Monaco and San Marino, unless the residency includes the acquisition of a professional activity.

All other people who are nationals of a country not already listed must apply for a visa at the German embassy in their country before entering Germany.

Steps to follow to apply for a German study visa

First Step: Choosing the Right Type of Visa

There are several types of German student visa. First of all, you must know the correct type of visa that you want to apply for at the German embassy in your country. Below we will mention the types of visas for students, but we want to note that for each type of visa that we will mention, there will be necessary documents that must be submitted with the application at the German embassy. 

Visa types

Study visa

This type of visa can be applied for after obtaining immediate university admission from a university or college of applied sciences in Germany. Or when you have secured a place to start a preparatory year program in Germany. 

German student visa

If you have obtained admission from a German university conditional to undergo an entrance exam, and you must be in Germany in order to participate in this exam, this type of visa will be the right one for your case. After you have come to Germany and have successfully passed the exam, you can submit an application to the Aliens Office for a German student residence permit. 

German language course visa 

You can apply for this type of visa if you want to enroll in a German language course at a language school in Germany. The duration of this visa varies between three months and one year.

If you want to study the language and then join a German university, you must choose the study visa, not the student visa.

Second Step: Book an appointment with the German Embassy in your country

After knowing the correct type of visa, you should book an appointment with the German embassy in your country at least two months before the date you plan to enter Germany. In most German embassies, an appointment can be made digitally to submit the visa application.

 To learn more, please visit the website of the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in your country

Second Step: Prepare the required documents for a German student visa

The basic documents that must be submitted in all cases: 

  • National visa application 
  • Passport valid for at least 6 months + two copies.
  • Two passport-sized photographs, which must verify the specifications required by the relevant German embassy.
  • Proof of how to cover expenses in Germany
  • German health insurance proof
  • Your birth certificate

Additional documents that must be submitted to obtain a study visa:

  • University admission
  • Prove your German language skills
  • High School Certificate (original, translated and certified copy)
  • University graduation certificate with transcripts for all semesters (if you want to study a master’s degree in Germany)
  • Motivational letter in addition to the CV.

Additional documents to be submitted for a German student visa:

  • Conditional university admission or an invitation to participate in an entrance examination at a German university 
  • A letter from Uni-Assist confirming the submission of applications to German universities for university admission
  • High School Certificate (original, translated and certified copy)
    University graduation certificate with transcripts for all semesters (if you want to study a master’s degree in Germany)
  • Motivational letter in addition to the CV.

Additional documents to be submitted for a German language course visa:

  • Proof of registration in a German language school in Germany and the fees must be paid in advance with proof of this
  • Motivational letter in addition to the CV.

To make sure that you have prepared all the documents required by the German embassy in the country in which you reside, please visit the relevant German embassy website and read all the conditions carefully to avoid going to the appointment with missing documents or the like. We wish you success while applying for a study visa. 

Residence in Germany

After obtaining a study visa and coming to Germany, you will have to convert the visa into a residence. In most cases, the duration of the visa you get is three months. During this period, you must go to the Foreigners’ Directorate in the city in which you want to study and submit an application for German residence.

The most important documents required while applying for German residence

In order to obtain a residence permit in Germany, the following documents must be submitted to the Foreigners’ Directorate in the city you want to study/live in: 

  • Valid passport 
  • Rental contract and confirmation of registration in the city
  • Proof of enrollment at a university/preparatory course or German language course
  • Proof of how to cover expenses in Germany
  • German health insurance proof
  • 2 recent biometric photos 
  • Financial fees 

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Study in Germany in four steps

Study In Germany In four Steps

First, the conditions for studying in Germany

In the following, we will mention to you the most important steps that you must go through if you decide to study in Germany. But first let’s talk about the conditions that you must have in order to be eligible to study in Germany:

First condition:

You must have already obtained a high school diploma with a GPA above 70% if you want to study for a bachelor’s degree. If you want to study a master’s degree, you must have completed university studies in your country and must have obtained a bachelor’s degree certificate.

Second condition:

Taking care of material things. Although studying in Germany is free in 15 of the 16 federal states in Germany, the student must take care of his personal expenses during his stay in Germany. The embassy requires proof of funding for the study through either what is known as a closed bank account that the student must open in Germany and charge it with an amount of 10,332 euros, or through personal sponsorship, or proof that the student has obtained a scholarship.

Third condition:

language requirement. Anyone who wants to study in the German language in Germany must have obtained a German language certificate for the A2 level as a minimum. For students who wish to study in the English language, they must prove this by submitting notarized and recognized certificates with the German embassy and even the university that the student later wants to study in Germany.

Now that we have mentioned the conditions that the student must obtain in order to be able to study in Germany. We will mention the steps that each student must follow to start the actual study at a German university.

The first step:

Find the university that matches your academic desires and qualifications. You can search either online or by visiting tCheck whether school-leaving qualifications obtained in your country are recognised in Germany or not. You can check this with the help of the Anabin database.

The second step:

Find the university that matches your academic wishes and qualifications. Here you can find out about the requirements of the respective universities on the official website of the German Cultural Exchange DAAd. When applying for a place at university, pay attention to the application deadlines for immediate or conditional admission.

The third step:

After you have been admitted to study, you must make an appointment at the German embassy in your country to apply for a study visa. Here you will find the types of study visas and the documents required for them.

The fourth step:

If you are approved for a German study visa, you will receive a visa for an initial period of 3 months. After you have come to Germany, you can apply for a residence permit at the Aliens’ Registration Office in the city where you want to settle and study. Before you apply, you must have obtained a flat and prove that you have started studying German at one of the institutes in the same city, or you must prove your official enrolment at the university if you do not need to learn German because your studies are in English.